First stem cell windpipe implanted in boy

Monday at 8:15 an international group of surgeons started an operation that is the first of its kind at Great Ormond Street Hospital on a ten year old boy.

The boy required a windpipe transplant from a donor to replace the artificial one that was in place in his body, because it had caused his throat to massively bleed three times in a row.

However, the twist of the surgery was that instead of getting a normal donor organ, he became the first child to receive an organ transplant that was created with stem cell advances and made from his own stem cells.

When the boy was born, his windpipe had only grown about one millimetre in width making it impossible for the boy to breathe forcing doctors to replace it with a metal implant.  However, over time the metal device pushed against his blood vessels threatening to cause him to bleed to near death multiple times.

The process of creating his donor organ actually started six weeks ago in Italy when a windpipe was taken from a 30 year old donor and stripped of its tissue.

Afterwards, the donor trachea was flown to London and the team of surgeons took 60ml of bone marrow from the boy’s pelvis so that stem cells could be extracted and injected into the donor organ.

Professor Paolo Macchiarini from the Florence, Italy hospital where the organ was treated, stated that the team accomplished what had taken six months in the past to finish in only four hours which is a landmark in stem cell advances.