Some kidney diseases are the result of hereditary factors. For example, polycystic kidney is a genetic disorder in which many cysts form in the kidneys.
The cysts formed in this disease can slowly replace much of the tissue mass of the kidneys, reducing kidney function and lead to kidney failure.
Some kidney problems may arise when the child is still in the womb of the mother. They are examples of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease, a rare form of polycystic kidney problem and other problems that hinder development of normal formation of the nephron. The signs of kidney disease in children vary.
A child may have an abnormally slow growth, often vomit or have back pain or pains in the side. Some kidney diseases may be “silent” for months or even years.
It is possible that some hereditary diseases of the kidneys are not detected until adulthood. The most common form of polycystic kidney was once called “adult polycystic kidney disease” because the symptoms of high blood pressure and kidney failure can not occur until patients are 20 or 30 years old.
But with advances in imaging technology, doctors have found cysts in children and adolescents before they present symptoms