Scientists have proposed that those with a high level of Vitamin D in their blood are less likely to end up with bowel cancer, versus those with lower levels.
The study, which was published in the British medical Journal, found that those with a high level had a 40% less risk of developing the cancer.
The study looked at 1,248 people that were diagnosed with bowel cancer, and a control group of 1,248.
Scientists carried out the research at the International Agency for Research on Cancer in France and at the London Imperial College.
The results of the study were released following increased concern that rickets is occurring more often because of vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D is usually found in sunlight but can also be consumed in a small variety of foods such as cod liver oil and oily fish.
The research team stated though that although a lack of Vitamin D may heighten the risk of bowel cancer there is still not any proof that Vitamin D supplements will reduce the risk. Scientists stated instead that more studies will need to be completed first.
Science programme manager for World Cancer Research Fund, Dr Panagiota Mitrou, stated that the study was the largest of its type concerning bowel cancer and that there is a growing amount of evidence that suggests Vitamin D and bowel cancer are linked.
Mitrou continued to say the next step is to complete further clinical studies to ascertain if Vitamin D supplements can help lower the risk of developing bowel cancer.